Este mes en la historia de la fotografía.

Este mes en la historia de la fotografía.

Los siguientes eventos tuvieron lugar este mes en la historia de la fotografía:

Annie Leibovitz nació el 2 de octubre de 1949 en Waterbury, Connecticut. En 1968 inició estudios de pintura en el Instituto de Arte de San Francisco en donde descubrió la fotografía, medio que la sedujo por su inmediatez. En 1973 se convirtió en la jefa del departamento de fotografía de la revista Rolling Stone y se ha dicho que su obra ayudó a definir el estilo y apariencia de la revista. En 1983 se unió a Vanity Fair y produjo algunas de las más memorables portadas para la revista. En 1991 su trabajo se exhibió en el International Center of Photography en Nueva York y de acuerdo a William Hartshorn entonces director del ICP, esta exposición fue designada como una de las más populares en la historia del lugar. Muchas de sus imágenes han sido llamadas íconos de nuestro tiempo, incluyendo la fotografía que tomó de John Lennon y Yoko Ono para la portada de Rolling Stone y la controversial imagen de Demi Moore para la portada de Vanity Fair.

Stephen Shore nació el 8 de octubre de 1947. Sus inicios en fotografía se remontan a la edad de seis años cuando un tío le regaló un set de fotografía Kodak. A la edad de nueve años adquirió su primer cámara 35 mm y para cuando cumplió once años ya estaba convencido de que se convertiría en fotógrafo. En 1960 cuando Shore tenía apenas 17 años, conoció a Andy Warhol. De acuerdo al fotógrafo, este encuentro fue un momento crucial en su vida el cual marcó algunos de los intereses estéticos de Shore. Para 1971, Shore contaba con una exposición en el Museo Metropolitano de Arte en Nueva York convirtiéndose en el fotógrafo vivo más joven en tener una muestra individual en el MET.

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Dorothea Lange, Resettlement Administration photographer, in California. 1936. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540

Dorothea Lange falleció el 11 de octubre de 1965 en San Francisco, California a la edad de 70 años. Cuando los doctores le informaron que sólo contaba con algunos meses de vida, la fotógrafa aún pensaba en fotografiar a su familia, realizar un documental con imágenes acerca de la Farm Security Administration y documentar la sindicalización de obreros migrantes en California. Ninguno de estos proyectos se verían completados. El último proyecto en el que colaboró fue para una retrospectiva de su obra en el Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York. Lange trabajó de cerca con John Szarkowsi, curador del departamento de fotografía del MoMa, en la toma decisiones sobre el contenido y organización de las fotografías. La exposición se inauguró el 15 de enero de 1966, después del fallecimiento de la fotógrafa.

En octubre 27 de 1972, la revista LIFE publicó en su portada una fotografía de Edwin Land en la cual demuestra su nuevo invento la SX-70. Una cámara que podía doblarse al tamaño de una cigarrera y la cual cabía en el bolsillo de un abrigo. La revista tituló el artículo “Un genio y su cámara mágica” y muestra a Land rodeado de niños sosteniendo el modelo SX-70. Esta cámara fue el primer aparato autofocus, motorizado, con sistema plegable y visor réflex que produjo impresiones instantáneas a color. Para 1973, el modelo SX-70 se vendió una proporción de cinco mil por día.

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This Month in the History of Photography

This Month in the History of Photography

The following events occurred this month in the History of Photography:

Annie Leibovitz was born on October 2, 1949, in Waterbury, Connecticut. In 1968, she went to study painting at the San Francisco Art Institute. There she discovered photography and was seduced by the immediacy of the medium. In 1973, she became Rolling Stone’s chief photographer and it’s been said that her work helped to define the look and style of the magazine. In 1983, she joined Vanity Fair and created some of the most memorable covers for the magazine. In 1991, her work was exhibited at the International Center of Photography in New York and according to William Hartshorn, then Deputy Director of the ICP, this exhibition was designated as one of the most popular in the history of the venue. Many of her images have been called icons of our time, including the photograph she took of John Lennon and Yoko Ono for the cover of Rolling Stone and the controversial image of Demi Moore for the cover of Vanity Fair.

Stephen Shore was born on October 8, 1947. When he was six years old an uncle gave him a Kodak darkroom set and that initiated him into photography. At nine, he got his first 35mm camera and by the time he was 11 years old he was convinced that he would be a photographer. In the 1960s, he met Andy Warhol when Shore was only 17 years old. Shore has said that meeting Andy Warhol was a turning point in his life and surely marked some of the photographer’s aesthetic interests. By 1971, he had exhibited his work at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York becoming the youngest living photographer to have a solo exhibition at the MET.

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Dorothea Lange, Resettlement Administration photographer, in California. 1936.
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540

Dorothea Lange died on October 11, 1965, in San Francisco, California, at age 70. When Lange’s doctors told her she only had months to live, the photographer was still thinking about photographing her family to make a documentary about the Farm Security Administration photographs and to document the unionization of migrants workers in California. None of those projects would be completed. The last project she was involved with was a retrospective of her work at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Lange and John Szarkowsi, head of the Museum’s Department of Photography, collaborated closely on the decisions of content and the organization of the photographs. The exhibition opened in January 15, 1966, after the death of the photographer.

On October 27, 1972, LIFE magazine published a photograph of Edwin Land where he demonstrates his new invention, the SX-70. A camera that could be folded down to the size if a cigar case and could fit in a coat pocket. The magazine titled the piece, “A Genius and his Magic Camera” and it shows Land surrounded by children holding the SX-70 model. This camera was the first automated, motorized, folding, single lens reflex camera to produce self-developing instant color prints. By 1973, the SX-70 model was sold at the rate of five thousand a day.

Five Masters of Photography that You Should Follow on Instagram

Five Masters of Photography that You Should Follow on Instagram

Instagram has quickly grown into a massive social network. With about 500 million active users taking photographs everyday and sharing them with so many different purposes, it is hard not to feel lost while looking for something interesting to see and think about.

I personally have two different accounts, one for my family and friends and the other one to follow and share with people interested in photography and visual culture. So when it comes to my @INSTRUMENTSOFMEMORY account, I am looking for a more selective version of my interests. That is why I was pleasantly surprised when I found out that some of my favorite photographers in the world are using Instagram as well. Here are five masters of photography that you can find on Instagram and some of the many reasons why you should definitely follow them.

@DAYANITASINGH

Indian artist Dayanita Singh has described herself as a bookmaker that uses photography “to reflect and expand on the ways on which we relate to photographic images.”[1] She graduated in photojournalism from New York’s International Center of Photography. She shoots on traditional film, usually in black and white, but color has become part of her photographic language as well. Dayanita’s mother was an amateur photographer and has said that family albums were her first introduction to photography. When asked about Instagram, she responded, “What I love the most about photography is its dissemination.”[2] Her images on Instagram –a mix of building structures, flowers, quotes, ordinary objects, portraits, self-portraits, and even a video of a little girl criticizing how slowly Singh photographs—have garnered her 11.8k followers so far.

@STEPHENSHORE

 Stephen Shore is a celebrated American photographer. Alongside William Eggleston, he is one of the central figures of 1970s color photography. His images have captured the quotidian as a form or visual diary and have been widely exhibited and published in the United States and abroad. Shore joined Instagram in 2014 and loves it! He even lectured about the use of this app at the Photo London Festival in 2015. Shore has said that he is always open to technological development because it represents a new challenge.[3] In his case, before he learned that there was a way to post a rectangular image on Instagram, he was “challenged” to make square images, something that he had not done in fifty years. The immediacy of Instagram is something that Shore enjoys as much as his 7.5k followers who can see on his daily posts how he perceives the world. As you can imagine, his world is full of color with that particular style that shaped what has been defined as the snapshot aesthetic.

@MARTINPARRSTUDIO

Britain’s best-known photographer, Martin Parr claims to enjoy the banal. His iconic work has gained international recognition for his motifs and his very particular aesthetic, sometimes considered grotesque. Parr has published more than 90 books, and leisure and consumption are two of the main photographer’s interests. He shoots most of his photographs in color and his use of flash adds a hyper real quality to his images. Unlike Singh and Shore, Parr’s Studio uses Instagram as a platform to showcase past and new work and representative images of his work that have been taken with a camera and not with a mobile device. About Instagram and Flickr the photographer has said, “I welcome all of the different platforms for photography and their proliferation.” Martin Parr Studio joined Instagram in 2015 and now has 89k followers.

@ZOE STRAUSS

Zoe Strauss is a self-taught American photographer. She acquired her first camera at the age of thirty and started taking photographs of Philadelphia’s residents and neighborhoods where she lives and works. Her first photographic project, “I-95”, consisted of hanging photographs under the I-95 freeway for an exhibition free and open to the public. Since then, different institutions in the United States have recognized her work and her photographs have been included in the Whitney Biennial in 2006 and exhibited at the Philadelphia Art Museum and the International Center of Photography in New York. Strauss claims that she has no idea how to use Instagram. However, the diaristic images that she shares with more than 3000 followers focus on the distinctive features that the photographer has captured in her professional work: the struggles and beauty of everyday life.

@WOLFGANG TILLMANS

German photographer, Wolfgang Tillmans is an expert in using saturated snapshots with a lo-fi aesthetic in his photographs. In the 1990s, the now London based photographer started documenting youth clubs and the LBGTQ scene in Germany. Self- documentation is the core of his work. Considered one of the most influential contemporary photographers, his ouvre has been awarded the Turner Prize in 2000 and the Hasselblad Award in 2015. About Instagram and selfies, Tillmans has said, “Pictures are replacing words as messages.”[4] As you can see, the photographer uses this platform to raise his voice in visual statements about political and social issues. Before the EU referendum, Tillmans publicly endorsed the “stay in” campaign and created a series of posters for this cause that he shared with his 2.2k followers on Instagram.

[1] http://www.frithstreetgallery.com/artists/bio/dayanita_singh

[2]http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/13/magazine/serious-play.html?module=ArrowsNav&contentCollection=Magazine&action=keypress&region=FixedLeft&pgtype=article

[3] http://purple.fr/article/stephen-shore/

[4]https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/may/09/wolfgang-tillmans-interview